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Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire

The Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire is a 29-item scale for assessing physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger and hostility among male and female adults. It is based on the original Hostility Inventory (Buss and Durkee, 1957), retaining many of the former's original items, but including more for greater clarity and for developing a larger pool of items. Preliminary studies showed that the BPAQ is composed of 4 factors (or subscales): Physical Aggression, Verbal Aggression, Anger, and Hostility. The BPAQ showed good test-retest reliability (between 0.72 and 0.80) for the total scale score and each subscale before and after a 9-week interval using 372 subjects. Pilot studies using 1,253 subjects also showed good reliability and internal consistency of the questionnaire, with Physical Aggression at 0.85, Verbal Aggression at 0.72, Anger at 0.83, Hostility at 0.77, and the total BPAQ score at 0.89. Items are scored on a Likert-type rating scale ranging from 1 (extremely uncharacteristic of the individual) to 5 (extremely characteristic of the individual). The following scale is intended for research or informational purposes only.

Buss, A. H., & Perry, M. (1992). The Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63, 452–459.
Bryant, F. B., & Smith, B. D. (2001). Refining the architecture of aggression: a measurement model for the Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Research in Personality, 35(2), 138-167.

This assessment is for a: Male   or  Female
Extremely Uncharacteristic ---------- Extremely Characteristic
1 2 3 4 5
1. Once in a while I can’t control the urge to hit another person
2. Given enough provocation, I may hit another person.
3. If somebody hits me, I hit back.
4. I get into fights a little more than the average person.
5. If I have to resort to violence to protect my rights, I will.
6. There are people who pushed me so far that we came to blows.
7. I can think of no good reason for ever hitting a person.
8. I have threatened people I know.
9. I have become so mad that I have broken things.
10. I tell my friends openly when I disagree with them.
11. I often find myself disagreeing with people.
12. When people annoy me, I may tell them what I think of them.
13. I can’t help getting into arguments when people disagree with me.
14. My friends say that I’m somewhat argumentative.
15. I flare up quickly but get over it quickly.
16. When frustrated, I let my irritation show.
17. I sometimes feel like a powder keg ready to explode.
18. I am an even-tempered person.
19. Some of my friends think I’m a hothead.
20. Sometimes I fly off the handle for no good reason.
21. I have trouble controlling my temper.
22. I am sometimes eaten up with jealousy.
23. At times I feel I have gotten a raw deal out of life.
24. Other people always seem to get the breaks.
25. I wonder why sometimes I feel so bitter about things.
26. I know that ‘‘friends’’ talk about me behind my back.
27. I am suspicious of overly friendly strangers.
28. I sometimes feel that people are laughing at me behind my back.
29. When people are especially nice, I wonder what they want.



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