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Geriatric Depression Scale

The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) (Yesavage et al., 1982-1983) is a scale for depression and anxiety, both mood disorders. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) consists of 30 items and takes under 10 minutes to complete. It is designed to measure depression in the elderly, primarily as a screening instrument. The GDS has a forced choice (yes/no) response format, enabling users to complete the scale with very little cognitive involvement, which provides some accessibility to test-takers with cognitive dysfunction. GDS total scores are calculated by counting responses flagged for indicating depression. The total score ranges from 0 (no depression) to 30 (severe depression). The 30 questions chosen for the GDS were identified by paring down 100 questions in preliminary studies. All items are highly inter-correlated (the alpha coefficient was 0.94), which suggests high internal consistency. This is offered as a free assessment online, with full scoring and interpretation, intended for research and education purposes only.
Source: 

Parmelee, Patricia A., Lawton, M. Powell, & Katz, Ira R. (1989). Psychometric properties of the Geriatric Depression Scale among the institutionalized aged. Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol 1(4), 331-338. doi: 10.1037/1040-3590.1.4.331

Yesavage, J. A., Brink, T. L., Rose, T. L., Lum, O., Huang, V., Adey, M., & Leirer, O. (1983). Geriatric Depression Scale [Database record].
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Yes No
1. Are you basically satisfied with your life?
2. Have you dropped many of your activities and interests?
3. Do you feel that your life is empty?
4. Do you often get bored?
5. Are you hopeful about the future?
6. Are you bothered by thoughts you can’t get out of your head?
7. Are you in good spirits most of the time?
8. Are you afraid that something bad is going to happen to you?
9. Do you feel happy most of the time?
10. Do you often feel helpless?
11. Do you often get restless and fidgety?
12. Do you prefer to stay at home, rather than going out and doing new things?
13. Do you frequently worry about the future?
14. Do you feel you have more problems with memory than most?
15. Do you think it is wonderful to be alive now?
16. Do you often feel downhearted and blue?
17. Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now?
18. Do you worry a lot about the past?
19. Do you find life very exciting?
20. Is it hard for you to get started on new projects?
21. Do you feel full of energy?
22. Do you feel that your situation is hopeless?
23. Do you think that most people are better off than you are?
24. Do you frequently get upset over little things?
25. Do you frequently feel like crying?
26. Do you have trouble concentrating?
27. Do you enjoy getting up in the morning?
28. Do you prefer to avoid social gatherings?
29. Is it easy for you to make decisions?
30. Is your mind as clear as it used to be?



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